In July 1998 the Parliament passed the Native Title Amendment Act 1998. This brought to an end many months of bitter and divisive debate in the Australian community concerning the vexed question of native title. Before 1992, native title was not an issue in Australian politics. Prior to that the talk had been about land rights.
Using material from the archives of the ABC, this program looks at the struggle to win native title and land rights since the 1960s. The two terms are, of course, not one and the same in their meaning. The program is divided into segments for ease of use: 1. From Wave Hill to the Labor Party's Failure 1963-1986 2. The Mabo Decision 1992 3. The Mabo Family 4. The Native Title Act 1993 5. The Wik Judgement 1996 6. The Government's Response.
An overview covering: the coming of the Europeans, wars, massacres, disease and dispossession, missions, reserves, racism, population decline, stolen children, political activism, land rights, native title and culture.
At Federation, Aboriginal Australians weren't considered to be real citizens. It was a time when many people thought dark skinned people weren't as good as white people so they weren't included in the census and they weren't invited to be part of the official federation ceremony. This program looks at Aboriginal displacement from their land, their often forced relocation to reservations and the separation of children from their families. In 1962 indigenous Australians received the right to vote and in 1967, they were officially recognised as Australian citizens when they were included in the census. This program explores this movement for change.
he National Native Title Tribunal is an independent body established by the Native Title Act 1993 (Cth). Since July 2012 the Federal Court of Australia has had responsibility for the corporate administration of the Tribunal. This includes the obligation to prepare a Corporate Plan as required paragraph 35(1)(a) of the Public Governance, Performance and Accountability Act 2013 (Cth).
What do you know about the struggle for native title in Australia? On 3 June 1992 the High Court of Australia handed down a landmark ruling that acknowledged that the Meriam people of the Torres Strait had the right to hold native title over their islands (Murray, or Mer, Dauar and Waier). Find out more about this critical decision and how it came to be made. This clip is first in a series of six.