Robespierre's Reign of Terror reinvigorates the French Revolution but ends in as bloody a fashion as it began.
Maximilien Robespierre, the architect of the French Revolution’s Reign of Terror, is overthrown and arrested by the National Convention. As the leading member of the Committee of Public Safety from 1793, Robespierre encouraged the execution, mostly by guillotine, of more than 17,000 enemies of the Revolution. The day after his arrest, Robespierre and 21 of his followers were guillotined before a cheering mob in the Place de la Revolution in Paris.
France, at war against Austria, needed to find men to fight the enemy. The Convention, led by Danton, asked 300,000 men to join the French army. The first revolts bloomed in the country, especially in Vendee where the peasants denounced the authority of the Convention and the idea of the Revolution.