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United Nations - In Chile, the country’s largest indigenous people, the Mapuche, will lose more than just the spoken word if their language dies out. As with other indigenous groups around the world, they are fighting for their very existence.
Department of Economic and Social Affairs Indigenous Peoples
Indigenous peoples in Chile include the Mapuche, Aymara, Polynesian Rapanui of Easter Island and the few remaining survivors of several Fuegian nations, such as the Yamana and Qawasqar. There is a significant Jewish population in Santiago.