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Finding Resources in Accessit
Here are some books that you may find useful during your studies. Search the Bennies catalogue Accessit for more, or browse the Non-fiction collection NFS.
Investigating Plate Tectonics, Earthquakes, and Volcanoes by
Publication Date: 2011-08-01
Some of the planets most destructive forcesincluding earthquakes and volcanic activityare caused by the same factors that helped shape much of the Earth as it is today. Plate tectonics, or movement of the Earths outer layers, can occur in a number of different ways and produce a range of results, some minor and others far more considerable or devastating. Distinct maps, interesting sidebars, and annotated illustrations of the Earths layers are included in this volume, which details the motion of the planet and the nature and study of both earthquakes and volcanoes.
Publication Date: 2002-03-01
This book examines the forces of nature and their impact on humankind, and addresses global issues such as the causes of earthquakes. The final chapter has been rewritten to examine the issue of global climatic change in the 21st century.
Plate Tectonics by
Publication Date: 2005-05-20
Examines the moving plates that make up Earth's surface and can cause earthquakes, volcanoes, and tsunamis, discussing the damage that can result, and the scientists who explore this environment phenomenon.
Plate Tectonics by
Publication Date: 2002-02-01
The theory of Plate Tectonics provides a coherent model of how the outer surface of the Earth moves and changes. These innovative activities represent a groundbreaking way for students to gain hands-on experience with this earthshaking theory In these activities, students travel to different geological hotspots-Hawaii, California, Iceland, Japan, and Nepal-to gather evidence. Engaging classroom models of erupting volcanoes, strike-slip faults, rock layers, seafloor spreading, and photographs of geological formations allow students to compare geological phenomena and structures found in far-flung parts of the Earth. Throughout, students record their observations, calculations, and conclusions in a geological field notebook. In the concluding activity, students discuss and debate the underlying plate movements that connect their findings, and arrive at a much deeper understanding of plate tectonics theory.Plate tectonics is a challenging subject that many middle school teachers are required to teach. This new GEMS guide provides clear, step-by-step presentation instructions, concise and accessible background information, built-in assessments, student readings and literature suggestions, and helpful class management suggestions from teachers who tested the activities in classrooms nationwide. No special science knowledge or background is required to present these activities which utilize readily available materials.Kevin Cuff was first inspired to become an earth scientist by pondering the coastlines of Africa and the Americas in middle school. The author of the GEMS Guide Stories in Stone, Kevin also directs the Student Radon Research Project (SRRP) at the Lawrence Hall ofScience at the University of California at Berkeley. He wrote Plate Tectonics in consultation with one of the world's leading geologists, Dr. Ian Carmichael.
Earthquake monitoring- Geoscience Australia monitors, analyses and reports on significant earthquakes to alert the Australian Government, State and Territory Governments and the public about earthquakes in Australia and overseas.
Plates move towards one another at convergent boundaries; one plate is forced below another in a process called subduction. Earthquakes and composite volcanoes are common at this type of boundary.
Since the 1950s, several discoveries have led to a new understanding of how the Earth works. This includes Plate Tectonics, which explains the structure of the Earth's lithosphere (outer shell) and the forces that drive changes in its structure.
Article by Jeffrey T. Freymueller Geophysical Institute, University of Alaska Fairbanks, Fairbanks, AK 99775, USA
Pervasive fragmentation of continental lithosphere at plate boundaries is the rule, not the exception. However, over most of the plate boundary zones of Asia and western North America, crustal motions observed by geodesy can be described well by models that use a number of rigid plates or blocks, bounded by faults that are presumed to cut the entire lithosphere.
Freymueller, J. T. (2010) ‘Active tectonics of plate boundary zones and the continuity of plate boundary deformation from Asia to North America’, Current Science (00113891), 99(12), pp. 1719–1732.
Geoscience Australia- Earthquakes
Earth's crust does not form a single unbroken covering around the planet. Instead, it is divided into a dozen immense plates, called lithospheric plates.
Filmed in Montserrat, Haiti, Iceland, the Alps and the UK, this program provides examples and explanations of the processes, features and landforms that occur at different plate margins. The resource then looks in detail at a range of volcanic processes and landforms. It contains footage of different types of lava, examples of intrusive and extrusive volcanic landforms and illustrations of the minor volcanic forms: solfatara, fumaroles, geysers and sinters.
Through dramatisation and animated graphics, this programme clearly explains current theories regarding the structure of the Earth, and how the continents came to be in their current positions. It explores the history behind the widely accepted theory of Tectonic Plates, involving Continental Drift and Sea Floor Spreading, and then examines the alternative theory of Global Expansion. Featuring a range of geological evidence, expert opinions and even a trip back in time to visit Galileo Galilei at his home in Florence, this programme looks at how once hotly-disputed ideas can become accepted as scientific fact.
Other useful links
BBC News- Natural Disasters
Earthquakes, tsunamis and volcanoes are just some of the deadly hazards we are exposed to on Earth.
As well as being dangerous to humans, these events shape our planet and affect where and how we live. Volcanoes are thought to have played an important role in the emergence of life.
The 10 biggest earthquakes recorded in history.
If you live in an area prone to earthquakes, consider how to minimise the risk of serious injury, before one occurs.
Surviving an earthquake and reducing its health impact requires preparation, planning, and practice.
Far in advance, you can gather emergency supplies, identify and reduce possible hazards in your home, and practice what to do during and after an earthquake.
Learning what actions to take can help you and your family to remain safe and healthy in the event of an earthquake.
What would an Earthquake-proof city look like? Earthquakes don’t kill people (generally), collapsing buildings do – meaning it is cities where the most lives can be saved. Here are their smartest ideas so far..
Protecting cities from earthquakes is still a grand challenge that needs addressing, as recent disasters in Nepal, Japan, Haiti, and Chile confirm. Although significant progress has been made in understanding seismic activity and developing building technology, we still don’t have a satisfactory way of protecting buildings on a large scale.
Built-in earthquake safety – cities and designs on the frontlines
Our World in Data
World Estimated annual number of significant earthquakes. A significant earthquake is classified as one that meets at least one of the following: caused deaths, moderate damage ($1 million or more), magnitude 7.5 or greater, Modified Mercalli Intensity (MMI) X or greater, or generated a tsunami.
Bureau of Meterology
Deep-ocean tsunami detection buoys are one of two types of instrument used by the Bureau of Meteorology (Bureau) to confirm the existence of tsunami waves generated by undersea earthquakes. These buoys observe and record changes in sea level out in the deep ocean.
The effects of an earthquake depend on many factors, such as the distance from the epicentre and the local ground conditions.
Welcome to GNS Science - New Zealand's leading provider of earth, geoscience and isotope research and consultancy services.
Extreme Weather and Natural Disasters
The objective of the State Emergency Response Plan (Earthquake Sub-plan) is to provide sources of information and to outline the arrangements for ensuring an integrated and coordinated approach to the State’s management of earthquake events, in order to reduce the impact and consequences of these events on the community, infrastructure and services.
Liberty Action Plan
Organisations and individuals are likely to face natural or manmade catastrophe at some stage. It is therefore crucial to have a plan well in advance of emergencies, in order to protect you, your employees and your customers from personal injury.