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Extremohpiles: Thermophiles

Year 11 Biology


Thermophiles are microorganisms that are able to grow and thrive in high temperatures, typically above 45°C (113°F). They can be found in environments such as hot springs, geysers, volcanic soils, and hydrothermal vents. These microorganisms have specialized adaptations, such as heat-stable enzymes, that allow them to function at high temperatures.


Biology Online

What is a thermophile in biology? Thermophiles are heat-loving organisms that exhibit optimal growth at a temperature above 60ºC or 140ºF. Thus, organisms that grow near deep-sea volcanic vents are likely to be thermophiles.


If you're looking into a hot spring you may wonder how anything can survive in there. Thermophiles are organisms that can survive and thrive in high temperatures. The unique characteristics of thermophiles make them important for scientific and industrial applications.

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Open access to scientific reports on thermophiles.

Science Direct

Thermophiles are a group of heat loving microbes thriving at high temperature usually more than 45°C. They are inhabitants of various ecological niches like deep sea hydrothermal vents, terrestrial hot springs, and other extreme geographical/geological sites including volcanic sites, tectonically active faults as well as decaying matters such as the compost and deep organic landfills.

Wiley Online Library

Extreme thermophiles are microorganisms adapted to temperatures normally found only in hot springs, hydrothermal vents and similar sites of geothermal activity. These microorganisms include diverse archaea and bacteria and represent a wide range of metabolic strategies.