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Qin Shi Huang- Stately and Magnificent Tomb: Mausoleum

Year 8 History

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Travel China Guide

Being the first, largest and richest imperial mausoleum in Chinese history, the Mausoleum of the Emperor Qin Shi Huang contains a large number of precious cultural relics, such as silk, fresco and paintings according to the historical records. Why don’t they excavate the mausoleum to reveal these precious relics? 

The Field Museum

China's First Emperor, Qin Shihuang, planned to spend his afterlife buried in a palatial tomb, surrounded by all his worldly treasures. To guard his mausoleum, he commissioned an army of terracotta warriors unlike anything seen before or since.

ClickView

With exclusive access to pioneering research conducted by University College London and the Terracotta Army Museum, this documentary uncovers new secrets of China's fabled warriors.

Qin Shi Huang Mausoleum Map

YouTube

No doubt thousands of statues still remain to be unearthed at this archaeological site, which was not discovered until 1974. Qin (d. 210 B.C.), the first unifier of China, is buried, surrounded by the famous terracotta warriors, at the centre of a complex designed to mirror the urban plan of the capital, Xianyan. 

Even more than 2,000 years after his reign, Emperor Qin Shi Huang of the Qin Dynasty has left treasures worth billions to be discovered in his tomb, buried more than 114 underground and rumoured to contain running rivers of poisonous mercury.

That’s not the only thing protecting one of China’s most powerful emperors from being disturbed from his slumber. Protecting the tomb of the Emperor is a multi-billion-dollar Terracotta Army in a model of a subterranean city. Scientists and archaeologists have uncovered bronze weapons, chariots and thousands of clay warriors and horses.

These Terracotta Warriors are vast in numbers and were once bright and colorful. Their weapons are still sharp and they reach heights of up to 2 meters.

In 1974, farmers digging a well near their small village stumbled upon one of the most important finds in archaeological history – vast underground chambers surrounding a Chinese emperor’s tomb that contained more than 8,000 life-size clay soldiers ready for battle. Megan Campisi and Pen-Pen Chen shares the fascinating history of Emperor Qin Shi Huang.

smarthistory

The mausoleum is a vast tomb complex which covers an area of 6.3 square kilometers or 3.9 square miles, and which is centered around a tumulus. Dominating the landscape, the tumulus was long known to mark the burial place of the First Emperor, but the scale of the underground complex was unknown before the discovery of the three pits (called the Army Pits). 

UNESCO

No doubt thousands of statues still remain to be unearthed at this archaeological site, which was not discovered until 1974. Qin (d. 210 B.C.), the first unifier of China, is buried, surrounded by the famous terracotta warriors, at the centre of a complex designed to mirror the urban plan of the capital, Xianyan.

Britannica

Qin tomb, or Ch’in tomb, Major Chinese archaeological site near the ancient capital city of Chang’an (now Xi’an), a 20-sq-mi (50-sq-km) funerary compound built by the first sovereign emperor, Qin Shihuangdi.

World Books

Live Science

The decision whether to explore the tomb anytime soon, or ever, is up to the government of China. That decision will likely be influenced by the pace of technological progress.

worldhistroy.com

The mausoleum of Shi Huangdi, actually an entire multi-burial complex which covers an incredible 35 to 60 square kilometres, was discovered in 1974 CE buried at the foot of the artificial Mt. Li near Lishan (modern Lintong), 50 km east of the Qin capital Xianyang in Shaanxi Province, central China.