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This is the first book-length examination of Spartan women, covering over a thousand years in the history of women from both the elite and lower classes. Classicist Sarah B. Pomeroy comprehensively analyzes ancient texts and archaeological evidence to construct the world of these elusivethough much noticed females. Sparta has always posed a challenge to ancient historians because information about the society is relatively scarce. Most existing scholarship on Sparta concerns the military history of the city and its heavily male-dominated social structure--almost as if there were nowomen in Sparta. Yet perhaps the most famous of mythic Greek women, Menelaus' wife Helen, the cause of the Trojan War, was herself a Spartan. Written by one of the leading authorities on women in antiquity, Spartan Women reconstructs the lives and the world of Sparta's women, including how theirstatus changed over time and how they held on to their surprising autonomy. Proceeding through the archaic, classical, Hellenistic, and Roman periods, Spartan Women includes discussions of education, family life, reproduction, religion, and athletics.
History of Women in the West, Volume I: from Ancient Goddesses to Christian Saints by Pauline Schmitt Pantel (Editor); Arthur Goldhammer (Translator); Georges Duby (Series edited by); Michelle Perrot (Series edited by)
Publication Date: 1994-03-15
Informed by the work of seventy-five distinguished historians, this five-volume series sets before us an engaging, panoramic chronicle that extends from antiquity to the present day. The inaugural volume brings women from the margins of ancient history into the fore. It offers fresh insight into more than twenty centuries of Greek and Roman history and encompasses a landscape that stretches from the North Sea to the Mediterranean and from the Pillars of Hercules to the banks of the Indus. The authors draw upon a wide range of sources including gravestones, floor plans, papyrus rolls, vase paintings, and literary works to illustrate how representations of women evolved during this age. They journey into the minds of men and bring to light an imaginative history of women and of the relations between the sexes.
Influential Figures of Ancient Greece by Don Nardo
Publication Date: 2004-09-17
In a series of concise, but detailed and colorful biographies, a noted classical scholar brings to life the lives and exploits of some of ancient Greece's major figures, including: Homer, Hesiod, Themistocles, Pericles, Sophocles, Euripides, Thucydides, Xenophon, Plato, Aristotle, Philip II, Demosthenes, Alexander the Great, Ptolemy I, Cleopatra, Polybius, and Plutarch.
The Oxford Illustrated History of Greece and the Hellenistic World by John Boardman (Editor); Jasper Griffin (Editor); Oswyn Murray (Editor)
Publication Date: 2001-05-24
The legacy of the Hellenistic world is vast -- it ranges from architecture to philosophy, literature, and the visual arts to military strategy and science.This beautifully illustrated study covers the period from the eighth century BC, which witnessed the emergence of the Greek city-states, to the conquests of Alexander the Great and the establishment of the Greek monarchies some five centuries later.Chapters dealing with political and social history are interspersed with chapters on philosophy and the arts, including Homer, Greek myth, Aristotle and Plato, Greek dramatists such as Sophocles and Aristophanes, and the flourishing of the visual and plastic arts.
Life in Ancient Greece was not a lot of fun for women. But if you lived in the right city-state or wound up with the right job, things could be a little bit easier. From lady Olympics to religious rites, here’s what life was like for women in Ancient Greece. Name something, literally anything, and Ancient Greek men probably banned women from doing it, watching it, or participating in it. Working? Nuh-uh. Politics? No way. Even just walking around the market? Totally frowned upon. This included the Olympic Games. But women did actually have their own version of the Olympic Games called the Heraean Games. Held every four years, the games consisted of 16 women from various city-states competing in footraces. The winners received olive branch headdresses, plus part of a dead cow, and statues with their names carved on them were dedicated to them. Spartan women apparently won a lot of the time, as you'd expect. Some historians don't believe the Heraean Games actually existed, since there's very little evidence for them. But others say this is just a sign of the insignificance of women to the Ancient Greeks.
Ancient Greek women had very different outcomes in life depending on where they were born, and the class they were born into. Some could be isolated, valued only for their ability to bear children. Some could be prostititutes ...and others could be empowered, tough, capable women who kept society together.
Ancient Athenian vs Spartan Women: the Lives of Women during Ancient times. What was it like to live in Ancient Athens and Sparta as a woman? What were the differences in education, lifestyle, fashion, sex, gender roles, political and economic power? Why are Spartan women regarded as being more liberated than their Athenian counterparts? How oppressed were Ancient Athenian women compared to others?
World History Encyclopedia
Women in the ancient Greek world had few rights in comparison to male citizens. Unable to vote, own land, or inherit, a woman's place was in the home and her purpose in life was the rearing of children. That is a general description and when considering Greek women one should remember our sources are incomplete and not always unbiased.
This essay investigates the constitution of the principal research question on women in ancient Greece, namely, the status of women in ancient Athens, and attempts to formulate a historiography for it under three headings.
The range of female influence and experience has slowly been brought to the fore: from the divine power of the female gods to the social and religious power of female priests, from the model women of Homer to the anti-heroines of myth and drama, from women who were the power behind the throne to those who wore the crown themselves, from female-enforced prostitution to female-authored sex manuals and poems of !literary genius
Status of Women in Ancient Greece
This paper examines the status, position and roles of women in ancient Greece. Based on available historical sources, it can be clearly established that women in ancient Greece had an inferior position to men. They were primarily viewed as “species-extending beings”. In none of the Greek city-states did women have political rights and were not considered as citizens. The status of women in ancient Greece, in terms of role, position, opportunity etc., varied from one city-state to another. This status is well known for ancient Athens, based on the large number of historical sites.