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Science- Descriptive Report : Animal Adaptations

Year 7 Science

National Geographic

An adaptation is any heritable trait that helps an organism, such as a plant or animal, survive and reproduce in its environment.

Wildlife Informer

There are millions of species of animals on earth living on all continents. From the smallest sea creature to the African lion, each animal has carved out its role in its ecosystem. To be able to do that these animals had to adapt over many generations.


Adaptations are those differences that appear in a subset of individuals of a plant or animal species that turn out to improve their survival chances in a specific environment.


Living organisms inhabit every part of the globe from deep oceans to the freezing poles, scorching Equatorial deserts and lush rainforests. To survive and reproduce, organisms have adaptations that make them suited to their environment. This programme looks at the structural, behavioural and physiological adaptations of some fascinating organisms including arctic foxes, echidnas, humpback whales and camels.

We examine a wide variety of animals and the specific adaptations that enable them to survive, including: respiration, nutrition and digestion, water balance, circulation, and adaptations that operate at a whole-organism level.


Explanations and examples of different types of organism adaptations, including: structural/physical adaptations, behavioural adaptations and physiological adaptations.

In this Nature League Field Trip, Brit joins Jessi Knudsen Castañeda at Animal Wonders Montana to discuss defensive adaptations across the animal kingdom.

With rising temperatures and seas, massive droughts, and changing landscapes, successfully adapting to climate change is increasingly important. For humans, this can mean using technology to find solutions. But for some plants and animals, adapting to these changes involves the most ancient solution of all: evolution. 



Every organism has a unique ecosystem within which it lives. This ecosystem is its natural habitat. This is where the basic needs of the organism to survive are met: food, water, shelter from the weather, and place to breed its young. All organisms need to adapt to their habitat to be able to survive.


Adaptation, in biology, the process by which a species becomes fitted to its environment; it is the result of natural selection’s acting upon heritable variation over several generations

Columbia Climate School

If we do not reduce our carbon emissions and instead allow global temperatures to rise by 4.5˚C, up to half the animals and plants in some of the world’s most biodiverse areas could go extinct by 2100, according to a new study.