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Global Geographical Issues: Tourism

Year 8 Geography

Finding Resources in Accessit


Here are some books that you may find useful during your studies.  Search the Bennies catalogue Accessit for more, or browse the Non-fiction collection NFS..


Definition of Tourism

Definition: Tourism = the temporary movement of people outside their normal place of residence or work
Global tourism is a large, complex economic activity, both organisationally and regionally
One way of categorising tourism is into: 
  • Charter tourism: package & group tours, e.g. Fiji holiday, Danube River cruise
  • Mass-individual tourism: every day holiday destinations, often crowded and popular e.g. Bali, Skiing
  • Adventure tourism: Experiences not as common, e.g. the Amazon, Machu Picchu, the Sahara
  • Extreme tourism: need to be prepared and informed, often expensive. E.g. mountain climbing

ClickView Online

Many forces impact on global tourism - some have immediate impact, others longer term; some have a major effect on destination competitiveness and stability, others are not so significant. The global forces taxonomy categorizes the factors affecting global tourism into three layers. Each layer creates challenges and opportunities for tourism destinations. This program examines the global forces taxonomy, including the outer layer - geographical, environmental and climatic factors; the middle layer - demographic and socio-cultural factors; and the inner layer - political, economic and technological factors. Expert academic, Prof Brian King from Victoria University, provides a range of informative insights to the dynamics of the tourism industry in an excellent learning resource that is ideal for all students of tourism and related disciplines.

This program begins by defining tourism. It then explores the impacts of the tourism industry in terms of economic, environmental, social and cultural sustainability. * Definition of tourism * Economic impacts * Environmental impacts * Social impacts * Cultural impacts * Addressing the impacts of tourism.

Attracting both international and domestic tourist dollars is the key objective for any tourism-related business. In Australia, as in many other countries, the industry has to consistently innovate and find new ways of meeting new markets. In this program we investigate four emerging tourism markets: adventure tourism, ecotourism, indigenous tourism and MICE (meetings, incentives, conferences and exhibitions). Starting with the definition of a number of industry-related terms, this informative program then examines each of these emerging tourism markets and looks at the typical characteristics of tourists likely to seek these experiences. We also explore various ways in which the Australian industry is positioning itself to cater for growing demand in these niche areas. Our presenter takes us to a number of different locations, including the offices of Lonely Planet, and the program features a range of spectacular footage, illustrating the diversity of experiences Australia has to offer. This enthralling program delivers an excellent overview of these four important growth areas in tourism.

Australia Unlimited


Tourism Australia

Useful Links

Globalization and Tourism  The current global recession is impacting the tourist industry worldwide and few places are immune. Countries, such as the UAE, which boasted about its immunity in April 2008, saw massive lay-offs in construction in its capital Dubai, only a few months later due to fewer tourist dollars. While international travel is down, local and regional travel is doing relatively better as people decide to travel closer to home.

Sustainable Tourism and Globalization Tourism is one of the fastest growing sectors of the global economy. Non industrialized countries are attempting to cash in on this expanding industry in an attempt to boost foreign investment and financial reserves. While conceding that the uncontrolled growth of this industry can result in serious environmental and social problems, the United Nations contends that such negative effects can be controlled and reduced.

Journal of Tourism Research  The implications of globalization on sustainable tourism development.