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MUNS: U.K

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Space Debris Mitigation Guidelines of the Committee on the Peaceful Uses of Outer Space

The Space Debris Mitigation Guidelines of the Committee on the Peaceful Uses of Outer Space are the result of many years of work by the Committee and its Scientific and Technical Subcommittee.

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Boris Johnson, Prime Minister, First Lord of the Treasury and Minister for the Civil Service of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, addresses the general debate of the 76th Session of the General Assembly of the UN (New York, 21-27 September 2021). On climate change, British Prime Minister Boris Johnson said, “It is time for humanity to grow up. It is time for us to listen to the warning of the scientists.” Addressing the General Assembly today (22 Sep) in New York, the British Prime Minister highlighted the urgency to combat climate change. On carbon emissions, he said, “we need all countries, every single one of you to step up and commit to very substantial reductions by 2030.”

On 20 April 2021, ESA will host the 8th European Conference on Space Debris from Darmstadt, in Germany. Scientists, engineers, industry experts and policy makers will spend the virtual four day conference discussing the latest issues surrounding space debris. They will exchange the latest research, try to come up with solutions for potential problems and define the future direction of any necessary action. There are currently over 129 million objects larger than a millimetre in orbits around Earth. These range from inactive satellites to flakes of paint. But no matter how small the item of debris, anything travelling up to 56 000 km/h in an orbit is dangerous if it comes into contact with the many satellites that connect us around the world, be it for GPS, mobile phone data or internet connectivity. The solution is to take action before it’s too late. This is why ESA has commissioned ClearSpace-1 - the world’s first mission to remove space debris - for launch in 2025.

NASA

More than 27,000 pieces of orbital debris, or “space junk,” are tracked by the Department of Defense’s global Space Surveillance Network (SSN) sensors. Much more debris -- too small to be tracked, but large enough to threaten human spaceflight and robotic missions -- exists in the near-Earth space environment.

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