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History, Heritage and Archaeology – Archaeology in the Ancient World: Chichen Itza

Year 9 Elective History




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Chichén Itzá, ruined ancient Maya city occupying an area of 4 square miles (10 square km) in south-central Yucatán state, Mexico. It is thought to have been a religious, military, political, and commercial centre that at its peak would have been home to 35,000 people.

Google Arts and Culture

The ancient Maya site of Chichén Itzá lies on the Yucatan peninsula. It was an important city in the northern lowlands during the Postclassic Period and, although it was uninhabited when the Spanish arrived, it still played an important role among the local populations at that time.

Ancient Origins

Chichen Itza is an ancient Maya city located in the northern part of Mexico’s Yucatan Peninsula. The city is thought to have been founded around the 6th century AD. Nevertheless, it only rose to prominence several centuries later. Chichen Itza dominated the Yucatan Peninsula during the early part of the postclassic Maya period, from about the 10th to 13th centuries AD.


Explore the ancient Mayan city of Chichén Itza, often called one of the “seven wonders” of the world. National Geographic Explorer and archaeologist Guillermo de Anda narrates this immersive video, explaining the significance of the site and his current work searching for a hidden cenote underneath the Temple of Kukulcan.

What did the ancient city of Chichen Itza look like? In this virtual tour I show you the architecture of all the civic and religious structures that conformed the great pre-Columbian city in Mexico.


This episode investigates the ancient Maya city of Chichen Itza and its iconic pyramid, El Castillo. Located deep in Mexico's Yucatan jungle, Chichen Itza is the best-preserved Maya city in existence.

Google Maps

Chichen Itza

Chichen Itza is one of the main archaeological sites on the Yucatan Peninsula, in Mexico. It was and is a sacred city and Mayan pilgrimage center founded by the Itza, the so-called water sorcerers, in the 5th century AD.


This sacred site was one of the greatest Mayan centres of the Yucatán peninsula. Throughout its nearly 1,000-year history, different peoples have left their mark on the city. The Maya and Toltec vision of the world and the universe is revealed in their stone monuments and artistic works.

Ancient History Encyclopedia

Chichen Itza, located at the northern tip of the Yucatán Peninsula of modern Mexico, was a Maya city which was later significantly influenced by the Toltec civilization.