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History, Heritage and Archaeology – Archaeology in the Ancient World: Nisa

Year 9 Elective History




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Nisa, also called Parthaunisa, first capital of the Parthians, located near modern Ashgabat in Turkmenistan. Nisa was traditionally founded by Arsaces I (reigned c. 250–c. 211 BC), and it was reputedly the royal necropolis of the Parthian kings


In this video we will talk about The Nisa, our historical monument which located in our capital city Ashgabat! If you want to get the general knowledge about it, just watch the video.

18 km to the west from Ashgabat there overlook the ruins of Nisa, the capital of ancient Parthia, existed at the turn of the I millennium BC and I millennium AD. In the III century BC New Nisa was the capital of Parthia and the Old Nisa fortress was an imperial residence at that time.

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Excavations at Nisa have revealed substantial buildings, mausoleums and shrines, many inscribed documents, and a looted treasury. Many Hellenistic art works have been uncovered, as well as a large number of ivory rhytons, and rims (coins) decorated with Iranian subjects or classical mythological scenes.


The Parthian Fortresses of Nisa consist of two tells of Old and New Nisa, indicating the site of one of the earliest and most important cities of the Parthian Empire, a major power from the mid 3rd century BC to the 3rd century AD. They conserve the unexcavated remains of an ancient civilization which skilfully combined its own traditional cultural elements with those of the Hellenistic and Roman west.

World Archeology

Italian excavations in Turkmenistan, at the site of Old Nisa, have unearthed an extensive archaeological complex that was once part of a flourishing artistic and political centre for the ancient civilization of Parthinia.