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History, Heritage and Archaeology – Archaeology in the Ancient World: Stonehenge

Year 9 Elective History




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Stonehenge has long been the subject of historical speculation, and ideas about the meaning and significance of the structure continued to develop in the 21st century.

Google Arts and Culture

To celebrate the 30th Anniversary of Stonehenge, Avebury and Associated Sites' inscription as a UNESCO World Heritage Site, this exhibition has brought together a range of artefacts, objects and art which reflect our understanding of and relationship to the Sites over time.

Ancient Origins

Stonehenge stands within a vast ritual landscape. Encircling the towering stones, over 800 round mounds once added to the temple’s splendour. From within these enigmatic mounds some of the finest artifacts have been unearthed.


Investigations about Stonehenge have kicked off a dramatic new era of discovery and debate over who built Stonehenge, how, and for what purpose? Granted exclusive access to the dig site at Bluestonehenge, a prehistoric stone-circle monument recently discovered about a mile from Stonehenge, NOVA cameras join a new generation of researchers finding important clues to this enduring mystery.


Albert Lin goes on an epic adventure to uncover the hidden world of the ancient people who may have inspired the construction of Stonehenge.

Until recently, the meaning of Stonehenge has been anyone's guess. Now investigations inside and around Stonehenge have kicked off a dramatic new era of discovery and debate.

Google Maps

Stonehenge is a prehistoric monument on Salisbury Plain in Wiltshire, England, two miles west of Amesbury. It consists of an outer ring of vertical sarsen standing stones, each around 13 feet high, seven feet wide, and weighing around 25 tons, topped by connecting horizontal lintel stones.

Ancient History Encyclopedia

Stonehenge is a Neolithic / Bronze Age monument located on Salisbury Plain, Wiltshire, southern England. The first monument on the site, began around 3100 BCE, was a circular 'henge' earthwork about 360 feet (110 metres) in diameter, a 'henge' in the archaeological sense being a circular or oval-shaped flat area enclosed by a boundary earthwork.

National Geographic

The 5,000-year-old Stonehenge monument in Wiltshire, England, shown here bathed in pastel twilight, has been examined by scientists for centuries. And though our understanding of the structure has increased greatly, particularly in recent years, questions persist about who built Stonehenge and why.

English Heritage

In 1874 and 1877 Sir William Flinders Petrie surveyed Stonehenge in detail, and devised the numbering system for the stones that is still in use today.


Stonehenge and Avebury, in Wiltshire, are among the most famous groups of megaliths in the world. The two sanctuaries consist of circles of menhirs arranged in a pattern whose astronomical significance is still being explored. These holy places and the nearby Neolithic sites are an incomparable testimony to prehistoric times.