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Community and Family Studies: Research Priciples

Year 12 CAFS

How to write a research question?

What is a research question? A research question is the question around which you center your research. It should be:

• clear: it provides enough specifics that one’s audience can easily understand its purpose without needing additional explanation.

• focused: it is narrow enough that it can be answered thoroughly in the space the writing task allows.

• concise: it is expressed in the fewest possible words.

• complex: it is not answerable with a simple “yes” or “no,” but rather requires synthesis and analysis of ideas and sources prior to the composition of an answer.

• arguable: its potential answers are open to debate rather than accepted fac



As a research candidate, ethics is something you need to be thinking about from an early stage in your project. In this video, we talk to academics about their area of research and how ethics has factored into their projects. We also talk about the philosophy of ethics and how it relates to the ethics approval process.

There are two approaches to collecting and analyzing data: qualitative research and quantitative research. This video will explain the differences between the two research methods, as well as the mixed-methods approach.

A good research question is essential to guide your research paper, project, or thesis. It pinpoints exactly what you want to find out and gives your work a clear focus and purpose. In this video, we will go through how to develop a strong research question in 5 steps, and a checklist to make sure your research question is strong enough to be a solid foundation for your paper!

Don't know how to write a literature review or where to begin? This video will give you a quick run-through of the 5 steps you need to follow when writing a literature review. 

Designing a Questionnaire

Perhaps the most important part of the survey process is the creation of questions that accurately measure the opinions, experiences and behaviors of the public. Accurate random sampling and high response rates will be wasted if the information gathered is built on a shaky foundation of ambiguous or biased questions. Creating good measures involves both writing good questions and organizing them to form the questionnaire.