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Investigation into the Asia Pacific Region: Indonesia-Human Environment

Year 10 Elective Geography



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A wide range of indicators on agriculture, development, economy, education, energy, environment, finance, government, health, innovation and technology, jobs and society.


Many of the world's most ancient wonders can be found in Indonesia. From sacred temples to palace ruins, from prehistoric remains to living traditions, visitors from around the world come to Indonesia, attracted by its unique and diverse cultures and vibrant heritage.As a country with over 350 cultural ethnic groups, the cultural diversity of Indonesia deserves to be explored.

The culture of Indonesia has been shaped by long interaction between original indigenous customs and multiple foreign influences. Indonesia is centrally-located along ancient trading routes between the Far East, South Asia and the Middle East, resulting in many cultural practices being strongly influenced by a multitude of religions, including Hinduism, Buddhism, Confucianism, Islam and Christianity, all strong in the major trading cities. The result is a complex cultural mixture very different from the original indigenous cultures.

Recognizing six official religions, and around 245 non-official religions, Indonesia is a melting pot of cultures. How do they all co-exist? Join Jo Raj from World Nomads as she visits two of the biggest Buddhist and Hindu sites in the world, Borobudur and Prambanan, and speaks to young Muslims about the importance of spirituality to them. Jo also gets a little taste of Indonesian white magic, and meets Indonesia insider, Kevin Anda, who describes the challenges that exist between traditional religions and the younger generation.

Indonesia, one of the emerging market economies of the world. With more than 270 million people, Indonesia is the world's fourth-most populous country, with majority of population being Muslim. From a Dutch colony, to the largest economy in Southeast Asia. The country has travelled quite a road.

World Population Review

Based on current projections, Indonesia’s current population is expected to reach its peak of 337.38 million by 2067 and the decrease in the decades following.

Country Reports

Indonesia is an independent republic consisting of more than 17,500 islands spread over 3,400 miles along the Equator. The main islands are Java, Sumatra, Bali, Kalimantan (Borneo), Sulawesi (Celebes), Papua, Halmahera, and Seram.

SBS Cultural Atlas

Indonesia is the largest Muslim-majority country in the world. It is also the biggest archipelago, consisting of over 17,500 islands. The dispersion of the islands means that distinct microcultures have developed to be regionally specific.