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Rights and Freedoms: Albany Movement

Year 10 Mandatory History

Resources in Accessit

Here are some books that you may find useful during your studies.  Search the Bennies catalogue Accessit for more, or browse the Non-fiction collection NFS..

Civil Rights Digital Library

In November 1961, residents of Albany, Georgia, launched an ambitious campaign to eliminate segregation in all facets of local life. 


In October 1961, SNCC field secretaries Charles Sherrod and Cordell Reagon, later joined by Charles Jonestraveled to Albany, Georgia where local citizens, especially students at Albany State College (today Albany State University), an HBCU, were heating up the civil rights struggle.


Civil Rights activists in Albany, Georgia, used a bold strategy to try to end segregation as they sought to desegregate all institutions at once. But did it work?


Description: The Albany Movement was a desegregation and voter's rights coalition formed in Albany, Georgia, in November of 1961. Local black leaders and ministers, as well as members of the Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee , and the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People founded the group . In December 1961, at the request of some senior leaders of The Albany Movement, Martin Luther King Jr. and the Southern Christian Leadership Conference became involved in assisting the Albany group with organizing protests and demonstrations meant to draw attention to the continued and often brutally enforced racial segregation practices in Southwest Georgia. However, many leaders in SNCC were fundamentally opposed to King and the SCLC's involvement, as they felt a more democratic grassroots approach aimed at long-term solutions was preferable for the area than King's tendency towards short-term, authoritatively run organizing . Although The Albany Movement is deemed by some as a failure due to its unsuccessful attempt at desegregating public spaces in Southwest Georgia, those most directly involved in the Movement tend to disagree, citing it as a beneficial lesson in strategy and tactics for the leaders of the Civil Rights Movement and a key component to the Movement's future successes in desegregation and policy changes in other areas of the Deep South .

New Georgia Encyclopaedia

The Albany Movement began in fall 1961 and ended in summer 1962. It was the first mass movement in the modern civil rights era to have as its goal the desegregation of an entire community

African American Civil Rights Movement

In 1961 Albany, Georgia, was a small town of 56,000 people where 40% were African American. In August 1961 a group of students from Albany College led by the Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee (SNCC) 

Dr Martin Luther King Research Foundation

Formed on 17 November 1961 by representatives from the Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee(SNCC), the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People,

World Book- ebook

A history of the African American civil rights movement, based on primary source documents and other historical artifacts. Log in and search civil rights.