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Rights and Freedoms: Malcolm X

Year 10 Mandatory History

Resources in Accessit

Here are some books that you may find useful during your studies.  Search the Bennies catalogue Accessit for more, or browse the Non-fiction collection NFS..

Malcolm X

Malcolm X was born Malcolm Little on May 19, 1925 in Omaha, Nebraska. His mother, Louise Norton Little, was a homemaker occupied with the family’s eight children.

Malcolm X, theactivist and outspoken public voice of the Black Muslim faith, challenged the mainstream civil rights movement and the nonviolent pursuit of integration championed by Martin Luther King Jr.He urged followers to defend themselves against white aggression “by any means necessary.” 


The life and legacy of Malcolm X


Listen to African Americans discuss the impact of Malcolm X on race relations. Meet Judge Frank Johnson, who Governor Wallace called an ‘integratin', carpetbaggin', scalawaggin' boldfaced liar’ for desegregating Alabama's schools, parks, libraries, and state police force. Explore Dr. King's wide-ranging legacy, from the United Farm Workers to diverse black leaders of today.


African-American leader and prominent figure in the Nation of Islam, Malcolm X articulated concepts of race pride and black nationalism in the 1950s 

Britannica Online


Betty Shabazz, née Betty Sanders, (born May 28, 1936, Detroit, Mich., U.S.—died June 23, 1997, Bronx, N.Y.), American educator and civil rights activist, who is perhaps best known as the wife of slain black nationalist leader Malcolm X.

The Guardian

Black activist Malcolm X was no stranger to controversy. Now a new biography explodes the myths that obscure the man